In carrots contain: 10 to 12.2% dry matter, 0.3 to 0.8% crude protein, 4.5 to 4.8% sugars, mainly invert sugar, pectin, lecithin. Main dignity of carrots has vitamins: carotene (provitamin A), vitamins B1, B2, PP, S. There are many enzymes, essential oils, terpenes, coumarins, minerals – potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, trace elements iron and manganese and copper. Carrots contain small amounts of valuable and essential amino acids.
Best – rich in carotene are carrots with intense red or orange. Daily needs of the person from vitamin A can be satisfied only by a carrot, which weighs about 100 g.
Carrots have long been used except as food and medical sredstvo.Svoystvata them are known to the ancient Greeks. Famous physicians Hippocrates and Galen recommend them as protivokashlichno, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Even then, they apply them to treat night blindness, bleeding and urinary – stone disease, and to increase breast milk. In – later famous Arab physician Avicenna also apply encyclopaedic carrots in the treatment of certain diseases.
What makes carrots and carrot juice so valuable?
Carrot contains a lot of beta carotene, from which the body produces pro-vitamin A, needed for the proper functioning of vision. Thanks to him, the human eye can adjust to see in the dark. Vitamin A helps the immune system and affect skin health. Often called the “vitamin of growth” as is required for proper development of the organism. Beta-carotene contained in carrots, has another important role. It protects the skin from aging and protects it from UV radiations. Beta carotene is safe for the body, unused since discarded in the process of metabolism. Thanks potassium in carrots skin becomes taut and smooth, no wrinkles deepen.
In chronic constipation carrot has a mild laxative effect. Carrots are also rich in iodine, are therefore essential in diseases associated with decreased thyroid function.
Carrot juice is extremely widely used in dietary treatment of many medical conditions. Everyday use strengthens the body’s defenses. It is used in physical and mental fatigue and recovery from infectious diseases, anemia and diseases of the lining of the stomach and intestines – gastritis, gastro – enterocolitis, etc. When kidney stones is recommended to drink for several months 3 – 4 times a day 1 teaspoon carrot juice. Fresh carrot juice is also recommended to gargle for sore throat.
Carrots are one of the main products diet for diarrhea. They contain pectin, which swells in the gut and absorb bacteria and toxins released the body of them, calms intestinal peristalsis, thicken the stool, decreasing the number of bowel movements and fluid loss. Decades in the treatment of acute diarrhea in children using carrot soup, known as Moro soup, carrot puree and others. Now carrots are an integral part of industrially manufactured purees and baby foods for special children with acute diarrhea.
Carrot is a low-calorie, yet contains cellulose and is rich in vitamins and minerals are therefore appropriate diet to reduce overweight and regulation of individual weight. Ulcers in acute and acute enterocolitis are not recommended and carrot juice from them.
Most appropriate methods for cooked carrots are cooking and choking because ensures maximum recovery of carotene. Cook carrots in a little water in a closed vessel over low heat until soft. When you are ready, they must have made the water in which vreli.Preporachva lightly steaming the carrots in a little fat….